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Babur, Founder of the Mughal Empire

October 1, 2012

Portrait of Babur from an early edition of the Baburnama

Below please find new web questions on the writings of Babur, the conqueror who established the Mughal Empire in India around 1526, from your classmate, Syed Tazim. These are based on the excerpt we read from from the Baburnama, “The Moghul Empire of India,” in the Shaping of the Modern World (pp. 14-22).

What impact did the poisoning incident have on Babur’s life? Judging from the punishments he ordered for those who tried to poison him, what kind of ruler was he? Why and for whom did he repeal the “tamgha tax,” and what does this act tell you about his rule?

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3 Comments leave one →
  1. Shira Binyaminy permalink
    October 11, 2012 1:38 am

    After the failed attempt of poisoning Babur he took this as a sign to reevaluate his life and deeds. He took upon himself not to drink wine anymore because he felt that his judgement was clouded from the wine. He grew his beard and poured out all the wine, and right next to that he built a building for charity.
    Babur was extremely cruel with the punishments he decreed on the ones that tried to poison him, we could see from this what a strict and fearful ruler he was!
    He repealed the tax from all the Muslims if was victorious over Sanga the Infidel. I feel that through this you could see he was a very religious ruler and he wanted his subjects to follow him through his spiritual journey.

  2. Jotty T. Francois Fils permalink
    October 11, 2012 10:16 pm

    The incident of poisoning Babur, changed his life completely. He had another view of life. He became more religious and believed that if God wasn’t at his side, he would be dead already. As life has been given to him again, He realized that he had to make a repentance on his act. Regarding to the punishment he commanded to the people who tried to kill him, he was a strict and wicked ruler. Even though they were guilty for attempting of poisoning the emperor, but on his reign, we can see that Babur would have any regret when it came to killing people. Furthermore, after his victory over Sanga the infidel,he repealed the “tamgha tax” from the Muslims. Analyzing this act, we can tell that Babur kept his promise to his subjects and he was a serious and religious ruler.

  3. Xiarra-Diamond Nimrod permalink
    December 19, 2012 2:32 am

    The poisoning near death incident that Babur experienced influenced his life and cause him to realize any of his sins. Being that he survived the poisoning he took it as an opportunity at second life , and that God had given him a 2nd chance to live. He said “I had returned from the brink of death, I was born again . . .Now I have learned the value of life”. He had more of an appreciation for life. He vouched to no longer take wine any more because it clouded his decisions which caused him to repeal the “tamgha tax”.

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