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Industrial Society

October 16, 2012

Cotton mill in Manchester, England, around 1820

Below please find a set of web questions about the development of industrial society written by your classmate, Vera Orlando. Remember to write a response of at least a paragraph.

The growth of industrialization helped boost economic prosperity in societies as a whole. At the same time, however, it had some negative affects. In your opinion, what were the major positive and negative effects of industrialization? What were the causes of its worst effects? Also, what were the differences in the ways industrialization developed in England, Europe, and North America?

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7 Comments leave one →
  1. Sundes Ambreen permalink
    October 20, 2012 8:27 pm

    Positive: The advancements in technology made life easier. For example, the steam engine made travelling a lot faster. Communication was made a lot faster and easier than it was before. People began moving into cities
    Negative: Pollution escalated. Terrible working conditions in factories. Laborers (including women and children) worked long and hard all day for a measly wage. With the rising population in cities, slums began forming. Poor sanitation and living conditions were bound to occur.The factory owners were really rich, leaving the workers to be really poor; which created a gap between social classes.
    For England, their access to coal deposits and resources from the colonies they controlled ignited the fire for the revolution. For the rest of Europe, the French revolution and and the Napoleanic wars helped start the technological advancements. American industrialization started when some British innovators came and built the cotton textile industry. They had to be smuggled to leave GB.

  2. Nataliya Chornobryvets permalink
    October 21, 2012 4:05 pm

    Nataliya Chornobryvets
    The introduction of machinery increased output and improved the quality of products. The goods, e.g. cotton clothes, became cheaper (because the cost of production reduced) and more affordable for poor people. Once started in manufacturing industry, technological innovations began to spread further. Development of new types of transportation, such as railroads and steamship, lowered transportation cost. More varied and cheaper foods were available for European growing population; better diet lowered mortality rate.
    Industrialization encouraged growth of large-scale enterprise and new forms of business – financial corporations, trusts, and cartels. Britain, France, German, and the United States strengthen their economy and confirmed their leading position among other countries.
    Industrialization has created a lot of negative consequences in the society. The industrial centers were not ready to meet a huge number of the new migrants. Overcrowding resulted in disease transmission and unsanitary. People, who moved from countryside to cities, did not have skills required in the industrial world, so majority of them could not receive a high wage. Those, who were luckier to find job, depended on their wage to be able to live in the city. The gap between social classes was expanding. Growing dissatisfaction of unsafe and hard working conditions, low wage, exploitation of women and children, and unsanitary housing grown into strikes.

  3. Teddy Chattah permalink
    October 24, 2012 7:32 pm

    The Industrial Revolution began in England when they began to discover and gain access to many of the coal resources from their various colonies. The American Revolution mainly came about from English inventors smuggling British ideas to America. Industrialization had many positive and negative effects. As technology advanced, factories and mass production centers began to form. There was no more need for people to work at home leading a huge increase in urbanization. With the invention of the telegraph and eventually the telephone, communication increased. Transportation from city to city became more efficient with the many railroad projects. Electricity and light allowed factories to stay open in the winter past sunset. Despite the many positive effects, there were many negative effects of the Industrial Revolution. As factories increased, pollution also increased. Additionally, factory workers (including children!) were subject to terrible working conditions with no protection from the government. Factory owners tended to be extremely wealthy and their workers were usually very poor. The rich/poor gap increased. Factory owners also tended to monopolize their industry by controlling all manufacturing involved in their specific industry (e.g. Standard Oil). The standard of living in cities was horrible—most of the factories and even the apartments that the workers lived in, were disease ridden and unsanitary.

  4. aaron ahdut permalink
    October 25, 2012 2:52 pm

    Some of the positive effects that industrialization had in a country, were that it created jobs for people to support their families with. It created wealth to the people of the country, this stimulated that countries economy. It also produced a better way of living for more people because it made every day living items more cheaper ,and it was made with better quality materials . Also the expansion of business and factories expanded our transportation network out of necessity and brought us canals, highways and roads throughout the nation. Some of the negative effects that industrialization had in a country , were that it made the living environment really bad. There were few if any rules regarding how resources could be removed and used. The air was horribly polluted from factories, as was the soil and rivers. There wasn’t a good water system in the big cities this often caused people to get sick and maybe even death. To add to that, people were also getting injured while working in the factories.
    The differences in the ways industrialization developed in England, Europe, and North America, were that the british people started making the new technology and factories. The Americans didn’t actually think about new ideas rather they took those new technologies from the british and build them in America.

  5. Syed Tazim permalink
    November 2, 2012 8:52 pm

    The growth of industrialization allowed production to boost. It helped invent better products in less time and in economical price range. Industrialization pushed for speedy technological invention. industrialization made a lot of people rich but it also brought Economical Inequality. It also broken Joint families and created the nuclear family model.In early industrialization, workers were forced to work under dangerous working conditions. the industrial workers were also lived in dangerous and unhealthy housing. The worst affect of industrialization was separation from family . Family Structure was redrawn because everyone was working and didn’t had enough time for each other. people gave up agriculture for industrial that’s why the needed less support from their extended family.people focused more on their nuclear family. Britain was the birth place of Industrialization but it spread almost all around the world, especially in Europe and North America. Napoleonic wars and The French revolution helped France established their industrialization. Belgium started “Coal, Iron, textile,glass and armaments” production. political turmoil slowed German industrialization but “Bismarck’s Government” accelerate the German Industrialization. United states had vast amount of “abundant land and natural resources” but very less amount of labor and very little investment from businesses. A lot of immigrants migrated to United states for a better life during industrial revolution. European Banker and Businesses invested in american industries to establish industrialization in United states.

  6. Richard Cabral permalink
    December 18, 2012 6:16 am

    Industrialization helped a whole lot in many ways and in others presented new problems to the fold. From new technologies that revolutionized the way people lived, worked and used their free time. Though at the same time, this brought increase in pollution, strain on family life, mistreatment of workers. Thought with the new increase of jobs it also took away quite a few. In Europe this process affected only some areas as others were left in the same state for many years. In England it was primarily big Cities that changed first, and it made many want to flock to the cities to find a job. IT also increased the demand in certain items since England didn’t have them. As for America it increased the social standing of many.

  7. Xiarra-Diamond Nimrod permalink
    December 19, 2012 3:46 am

    Industrialization is the development of the industry on a very extensive scale.There were many positive and negative effects that followed industrialization, one of the most known positive outcomes was the steam machine which made transportation easier , safer and cheaper. It also improved the economy because it provided people with more jobs, and helped improved peoples daily lives. Unfortunately some of the negative effects were exploitation, especially when referring to child labor work , and also industrialization caused environmental damage and an uproar in politics.

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