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Critics of Industrial Capitalism

October 22, 2012

Below please find some new web questions about industrial capitalism and its socialist critics written by your classmate, Irena Pergjika.

  • What sort of adjustments did workers have to make in the new factory system? How did it differ from earlier forms of labor?
  • Why did the industrial revolution make socialist ideas about the reordering of society seem possible? And how were the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels different from earlier socialists like Charles Fourier and Robert Owen?
3 Comments leave one →
  1. Shira Binyaminy permalink
    October 23, 2012 12:51 am

    Earlier forms of labor involved being skilled and being able to create something by hand. Before the factories they had ‘putting out” system which means that each person was designated at one task and they would pass it on to the next person. Once the factories were created they didn’t have to be skilled workers and they were paid a weekly salary rather then how many items they made. They had long strenuous hours and they didn’t get paid well so the women had to go out and work as well as take care of the children and home. They lived in very cramped homes and conditions were terrible!
    The Industrial Revolution made socialist ideas possible because all the factory owners made all the profit and the workers were overworked and underpaid and it didn’t seem so fair that they work so hard and not get paid for their work.

  2. Teddy Chattah permalink
    October 31, 2012 12:27 pm

    The industrial revolution brought on a whole new mindset to producing goods. Before the creation of factories, a “good” was produced from start to finish by a skilled worker. Now, with the invention of new technologies and the factory system, a worker (that did not need to be skilled) made the same part of a good all day and everyday. This increased efficiency in creating a product. Additionally, skilled workers were no longer needed. This decreased competition amongst workers to find a job and working conditions deteriorated. Long hours, horrible work conditions, unsanitary living conditions, child labor, etc.
    With the decline of the working conditions of the middle and lower classes, socialist ideas began to surface. The gap between the rich and the poor was increasing. The ideas of Marx and Engels of communism and communal sharing became very popular as many of the middle and lower class people needed reform.

  3. Syed permalink
    November 3, 2012 12:40 am

    Before Industrialization, large numbers of total population were farmers or landowners. They had slaves to help them in their agricultural works. They had different social status in their societies. Very few numbers of people were working professionally. Industrialization caused the ending of slavery in those societies. Industrialization created new kind of social status. Before industrialization, people needed to be professional to any other job than agriculture. Industrialization allowed lower skilled worker work in the industries. Industrialization reshaped family structure, it separated family members. Industrialization brings “economical inequalities” in the society. Utopian socialist wanted to create equal societies. They wanted to established “cooperative control of industries” and “equitable society”. Marx and Engels concluded that capitalism is the main reason for all social problems. They stated that capitalist economy separated people in two groups. One is “capitalist” and the other is worker.The utopian wanted created and equal society for everybody but their efforts fell short. Marx,Engels recommended people to take control of the government and reestablished an equal government by distributing the wealth to everybody.

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